Evaluation of fodder cropping sequences under Tarai region of Uttarakhand


  • Brajkishor Prajapati
  • Gangadhar Nanda
  • Kranti Kumar
  • Jaya Prajapati
  • Pravamanjari Giri


Field experiments were carried out to record the performance of twelve cropping sequences in randomized complete block design with three replications during 2015-16 and 2016-17 at Pantnagar. Different cropping sequences were assessed for fodder and nutrient yields, production and land use efficiency, profitability and soil organic carbon sequestration. Study revealed that hybrid apier + berseem cropping sequence (CS ) had higher N 12green fodder (185.8%) and dry fodder (306.7%) yields than commonly practiced single cut sorghum + cowpea-oat + berseem-single cut sorghum + cowpea cropping sequence (CS ). This also had significantly higher digestible 1 dry matter (77.3 t ha ), crude protein (11.4 t ha ) and mineral (10.0 t ha ) yields than CS . Production efficiency with -1 -1 -1 1 this treatment was 1.33 and 0.40 t ha day in terms of green and dry fodder yields, respectively against 0.53 and -1 -1 0.11 t ha day , which was observed in CS . CS was the most profitable cropping sequence showing 285.6, 235.1 -1 -1 1 12 and 222.2% higher net return, B:C ratio and economic efficiency, respectively than commonly followed cropping sequence (CS ). However, CS and CS were at par with respect to soil organic carbon sequestration. So hybrid 1 12 1 Napier + berseem cropping sequence (CS ) could be recommended for Tarai region.